Here's what Wikipedia has to say about being a professional:
A professional is a member of a profession or any person who earns a living from a specified professional activity. The term also describes the standards of education and training that prepare members of the profession with the particular knowledge and skills necessary to perform their specific role within that profession. In addition, most professionals are subject to strict codes of conduct, enshrining rigorous ethical and moral obligations. Professional standards of practice and ethics for a particular field are typically agreed upon and maintained through widely recognized professional associations... Some definitions of "professional" limit this term to those professions that serve some important aspect of public interest and the general good of society.
Teaching as a Profession
Requires an advanced degree to ensure the skills and intellectual rigor needed
Has certification testing by independent/government groups outside of the Schools of Education to ensure professional standards